Geneva, Aug (SF) .- More expensive, less nutritious food and disruptions in the distribution chain will affect the entire planet and dramatically the poorest countries, if no action is taken to stop land degradation and maintain warming global below 2 ° C.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change this week published its report on Earth and Climate Change, which highlights, among other things, how the climate is affecting the availability, access, nutrition and stability of food.
“Food security will be increasingly affected by future climate change through declining agricultural yields, especially in the tropics, with rising prices, reduced nutrient quality and chain disruptions We will see different consequences in different countries, but there will be a more drastic impact on low-income countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, “says Priyadarshi Shukla, one of the authors of the report.
Eat more vegetables and waste less
The study highlights that currently about one third of food is lost or wasted. The causes differ between developed and developing countries, but reducing their occurrence would reduce greenhouse gas emissions and food insecurity.
“Some diets require more water and more land, and cause more gas emissions that increase global warming. Balanced diets with more foods based on grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables and with animal foods produced in a sustainable way, present opportunities to limit climate change, ”reveals expert Debra Roberts.
The report also ensures that there are ways to address risks and reduce vulnerabilities in food production and distribution and land management systems.
The report was prepared by 107 experts from 52 countries, and it is the first in which most scientists are from developing countries and there is a participation of 40% of women.